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Mobile technologies are the key to equal growth opportunities and sustainable development of Poland. The total impact of mobile technologies on Polish economy is 3,2%, while annual contribution of mobile phone operators to Polish GDP is 26,5 bn PLN. According to PwC report from January 2017, increasing competitiveness of Polish economy and building a modern state based on e-administration, is possible only in case of infrastructural and technological development.
However, we still encounter 5 key obstacles listed by the Minister of Digitization - Anna Streżyńska, who explains that they can be overcome with the use of legal regulations. By that, she means standardization of new 5G services, the issue of electromagnetic field, fees for telecommunication operators, the lack of standards in other infrastructures and the necessity of providing personal data security.
The top global tech giants such as Huawei, Ericsson, Nokia and Samsung have been working on 5G services standardization for the last few years. The throughput of the LTE Advanced (5G) network will be even 30 times more than current 4G/LTE standard. The experts forecast that 5G might appear in the telecommunication offer by the year 2020. The aim of the new technology is revolutionizing mobile services market and supporting communication between devices.
Europe is not behind; under the METIS program, in which we also take active part, work on 5G standard is already in progress. The project involves various entities; operators, telecommunication services providers and European universities.
Anna Streżyńska claims that „Another thing is the problem connected to electromagnetic radiation which has been a heated issue recently. It often influences the possibility of mobile investment realizations across the country, especially in huge huddles of people, close to the headquarters and in the neighborhood of schools and kindergartens.”
In the last few years, electromagnetic radiation (PEM) from devices in the telecommunication network, has been the aim of the complaints incl. the citizens of Kraków. The city announced its plans to purchase devices allowing for measuring electromagnetic field on its own.
The report carried out by the General Inspectorate of Environmental Protection last December shows that quotas of electromagnetic fields are not exceeded in Poland. The Digitization Department currently works on the act regulating and improving the control over PEM emission from telecommunication devices. The next obstacle on the way to mobile technology development in Poland is law – namely unfavorable rules regarding investors.
– „The rules include among others public and legal charges that concern every operator. There are certain barriers stemming from lack of standards in other infrastructures which use mobility, the energy sector for example. There are no sufficient standards which would enable safe communication between devices.” – according to Anna Streżyńska.
The Head of the Digitization Department also paid attention to the topic concerning data security and processing huge personal data collections.
The Minister of digitization adds ”It’s all about the security issue concerning, e.g. breaching data by a person who wants to use it without legitimate access.”
The latest regulation on data security, standing for all Polish entrepreneurs processing personal data, will have been fully in power on 25th of May 2018. The new law will introduce many changes in the approach to personal data security. It will be necessary to take into consideration data security already in the phase of designing IT solutions. Another requirement is registering of processing personal data and analyzing the effects of planned operations for personal data security. Additionally, personal data administrators will be obligated to inform the organ of data security about breaching the law. PwC experts state that it’s a huge challenge for companies, both in terms of costs and human resources.